Physical Therapy News Letter, 01/19/2015
- Disordered eating: anorexia, purging, induced vomiting
- Amenorrhea: adverse impact on menstrual cycles
- Osteoporosis: low bone mass/density
- Rapid weight loss or marked leanness
- Obsession about weight, body image and food.
- Shin splints that don’t heal
- Reduced participation or loss of interest in sports
- Prevention of compulsive dieting by working with a sports nutritionist.
- Increasing the strength of muscles, ligaments, bones and joints must be increased with a progressive exercise program designed by a physical therapist.
The physical therapist is a critical member of the healthcare team and works closely with a coach and athletic trainer. The physical therapist may use a combination of the following treatments:
- Ultrasound to heal connective tissue (tendons and ligaments).
- Manipulative therapy that includes stretching and massage.
- Resistance training to increase muscle strength.
- Cold compress for acute injuries and heat to relax muscular spasms.
- Low-level laser use for muscle and connective tissue injuries.
- Functional Electrical Stimulation to restore strength in the muscles.
- The use of tape to support muscles and assistive devices as needed to support joints.
Physical therapy can keep young athletes healthy, strong and safe, but success begins with the right attitude towards the inner and outer self. Every physical active female should take three simple precautions to protect against the triad:
- Eat healthy meals at regular intervals. Use nutritional supplementation if necessary.
- Discuss menstrual irregularities (or sudden fluctuations in body weight) with your physician.
- Track exercise and calorie expenditure.