Arthritis may include osteoarthritis (OA) or Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease. Arthritis can affect any joint in your body by wearing down of the cartilage between joints, causing bones to rub together.
Pain is often felt in the wrists hands joints (Thumb, Middle Knuckles, and Fingertips)
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that affects the lining of your joints and causes painful swelling that can lead to bone erosion and joint deformities
Occupational Therapy intervention in this population may include:
- Exercises to strengthen the muscles that support the hand joints and increase movements in the hands to keep ligaments and tendons flexible
- Manual therapy
- Education on self- management ( Joint Protection Principles, Adaptive Equipment, Activity Modification)